The Third Reich and Japan
|The Führer welcomes the envoy of Japaense youth leaders.|
|The Celebration of the Axis Pact|
|This Japanese/NS card, pocket War Handbook belonged to the WWII Japanese soldier.|
THE UNKNOWN "LEADER" OF JAPAN HIROSHI OSHIMA
Hiroshi Oshima was born on 19th April 1886. As a military attaché, he stayed in Germany from 1934 and deepened the friendship with NSDAP. He contributed greatly to the conclusion of the Anti-Communist Treaty between Germany and Japan in 1936. He became Japanese Ambassador to Germany in 1938 and made efforts to establish the Axis Alliance. His nick name was "German Ambassador to Germany", and the USA described him as "more Nazi than the Nazis" or "more German than the Germans."
Oshima was also a close personal friend of Adolf Hitler and was a frequent guest at Hitler's social and private gatherings. Hitler had an extremely high opinion of Oshima, saying, "Oshima has an excellent brain." Having complete trust in Oshima, Hitler confided to him in advance that he was going to attack the Soviet Union. Oshima presented Hitler a Japanese sword "Katana" for his birthday. Oshima stayed in Berlin with Hitler right up to the end. He was sentenced to death at the Tokyo Trial.
GERMAN FIGHTING SONG STANDS FOR JAPANESE-GERMAN FRIENDSHIP
The Japanese and German forces did actually "link" up in WW2: The Japanese froces occupied Indonesia. While they still held it, the German forces expanded their U-Boat activity into the Indian Ocean. At one point a German U-Boat went into Japanese held territory to resupply. There, Japanese and German soldiers met face to face and exchanged greetings. That inspired a German fighting song for the eastern front, whose line went something like this:
"And when we have fought from the Black to Yellow Seas, then we shall embrace our friends the Japanese."
JAPANESE VOLUNTEER IN THE WAFFEN-SS DIVISION
A Japanese voluntary soldier fought in the Waffen-SS divisionfranzösische Nr. 1 "Charlemagne".
RAMMJÄGER THE "GERMAN KAMIKAZE"
German corps called"Rammjäger" whose chief wasOberst Walter Dahl throw themselves against enemy bombers together with their fighters.
SEIGO NAKANO AND THE TOHOKAI
Seigo Nakano (1886-1943) was one of the Japanese greatest nationalists. He founded a Japanese Fascist organisation"Tohokai" (the Eastern Society) in 1936 and won the election. He also had a talk with Mussolini in 1937 and Hitler in 1938. The Tohokai used to held open-air march but was banned after WW2.
DAI NIHON (1918; Great Japan)
GEOPOLITIK DES PAZIFISCHEN OZEANS (1925; Geopolitics of the Pacific Ocean)
by Prof. Karl Ernst Nikolas Haushofer
Karl Haushofer (1869-1946) was German geographer, army officer and theorist of NS geopolitics, including the doctrines that the state is a living organism and that race and territory are linked. He studied Japan's expansionist policies in Asia during his stay as an army officer in Japan (1908-10) and joined Japanese famous nationalist organisation "Koku-Ryu Kai" (the Black Dragon Society) in which he learned the Japanese "Harakiri (Seppuku)". Several of his books, includingDai Nihon (1918; Great Japan) and his intensive study in geopolitics, "Geopolitik des Pazifischen Ozeans" (1924; "Geopolitics of the Pacific Ocean"), dealt with Japan's role in 20th-century politics. He considered Japanese diplomacy of those days geopolitically excellent. After he returned to Germany, he founded the Thule Gesellschaft which backed DAP and NSDAP up. He became the German Full General and a professor in the department of geography at the University of Munich in 1919. He started to publish a magazine "Zeitschrift für Geopolitik" (Journal for Geopolitics) in 1924 and directed the Institute of Geopolitics at the University of Munich. Among his students wasRudolf Heß, who introduced Haushofer toAdolf Hitler. Haushofer's influence on Hitler is evident inMein Kampf, and he remained one of Hitler's closest advisers on foreign affairs. Under investigation for war crimes after Germany's defeat in World War II, he killed himself by taking poison in 1946. Throughout the Second World War he attempted to justify Germany and Japan in their drives for world power.
DIE NORDISCHE RASSE BEI DEN INDOGERMANEN ASIENS
(1934; The Nordic Race in Indo-German Asia)
by Prof. Hans Friedrich Karl Günther [Guenther]
Hans Günther (1891-1968) was a professor in the department of social anthropology at the University of Jena and was a one of the official supreme racial theorists of the Third Reich. In 1934, he wrote "Die Nordische Rasse bei den Indogermanen Asiens" in which he regarded Japanese as "Aryans" equal to Germanics: He maintained in the book that the birthplace of Germanics whose descendants are Germans was East Asia. He also maintained that the ancestors of Germanics and Japanese had the common roots but that tens of thousands of years and the differences in the climates and in the environments had changed the looks between them because Germanics moved to the west like Huns. He pointed out their common grounds in the details of their ancient architectual technique and the words in their native languages which mean parts of the body. The book was one of the typical writings of the NS racial theory.
Whether his theory was true or not, it is interesting that such a book was written in the early period of the Third Reich. The BookPsychology, Racism, Fascism gives substantial coverage to his "notorious" works regarding racialism.
DER KAMPF ZWISHEN JUDE AND JAPAN
(1934; The Fight between Jewery and Japan, Munich: Ludendorffs Verlag)
by Lieut. Comdr. Alfred Stosz
Japanese version of this treatise was printed in 1938. Alfred Stosz regarded the fight between Jews and Japan as inevitable in this treatise, which foretold the dispute between Japan and China in Far East as the unveilling of that fight four years before it broke out in 1938. According to the book, the fight between Jewry and Japan is entirly inevitable. The book foretelled the dispute between Japan and China in Far East as the unveilling of that fight. (Sorry, still under construction.)
DAS GEHEIMNIS JAPANISCHER KRAFT
(1943; The Secret of Japan's Strength, Berlin: Zentralverlag der NSDAP)
by Albrecht Furst von Urach
"Das Geheimnis japanischer Kraft" is a booklet about Japan published in 1943 by the NSDAP's publishing house. It ended with the following texts:"National Socialist Germany is in the best position to understand Japan. We and the other nations of the Axis are fighting for the same goals that Japan is fighting for in East Asia, and understand the reasons that forced it to take action. We can also understand the driving force behind Japan's miraculous rise, for we National Socialists also put the spirit over the material. The Axis Pact that ties us to Japan is not a treaty of political convenience like so many in the past, made only to reach a political goal. The Berlin-Rome-Tokyo alliance is a world-wide spiritual program of the young peoples of the world. It is defeating the international alliance of convenience of Anglo-Saxon imperialist monopolists and unlimited Bolshevist internationalism. It is showing the world the way to a better future. In joining the Axis alliance of the young peoples of the world, Japan is using its power not only to establish a common sphere of economic prosperity in East Asia. It is also fighting for a new world order. New and powerful ideas rooted in the knowledge of the present and the historical necessities of the future that are fought for with fanatical devotion have always defeated systems that have outlived their time and lost their meaning."
HELDEN UNTER DEM SONNENBANNER: VON HAWAII BIS SINGAPUR
(1943; Heroes under the Sun Banner, Dresden: Franz Müller Verlag)
by Dr. Hans Steen
Das eherne Herz (A Different World, Munich: Zentralverlag der NSDAP, 1943)
by Paul Joseph Goebbels
Goebbels has drawn up the report on Japanese culture and he told in the report that Japanese national religion of hero worship was wonderful. He appealed to Hitler that he would like to be German Ambassador to Japan if he resigned from his position. He began a weekly newspaper called Das Reich in 1940. He generally wrote the lead article each week, in which he took special pride. The following essay is dated 21 December 1941.
"Japan has shown once again the enormous power in a people's national dynamics. One is deeply moved by the accounts of the heroic deeds of Japan's death-defying naval airmen. Japan knows that, like Germany and Italy, it is fighting for its future, for its very life. The alliance of these three great powers that despite their millennia of history retain youthful vitality is natural, the result of the inescapable power of a bitter historical logic. They see in this war their best chance at national existence. Their leadership and their peoples know what is at stake. It is true that they were forced into this war, but they are fighting it offensively, not defensively. Their young men at the front burn with passion to solve the life problems of their nations with weapons. Never before have they had such an opportunity to test their courage, their strength, their manly readiness. They see themselves affronted and insulted by plutocracy's leaders in a way that rules out any possibility of surrender. Mr. Churchill and Mr. Roosevelt still have no idea what they have gotten themselves into. They may have envisioned a pleasant war in which they would stroll to Berlin, Rome and Tokyo, supported by the people of countries who had been seduced by their leaders. They overlooked the fact that these governments are only saying and doing what their people want, even insist on or demand."
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